The Centre for the Defenders of Human Rights has reviewed the situation of human rights in Iran during the month of Esfand 1396 [20 February to 20 March 2018]:
“The only way to save the country is to hear the voices of the protesters and respond to their long-awaited demands”
In continuation of its monthly reports, the Centre for the Defenders of Human Rights has reviewed the situation of human rights in Iran during the month of Esfand 1396 [Iranian month corresponding to 20 February to 20 March 2018].
The Centre for the Defenders of Human Rights, which is presided over by Shirin Ebadi, has referred to the problems that the Iranians were encountering in 1396 [Iranian year ending 20 March 2018], and has said that the continuation of this situation would bring about catastrophic consequences.
This people-instituted organization said in its report that the only way to save the country is to hear the voices of the protesters and respond to their long-awaited demands.
Furthermore, in its report, which is published in both Farsi and English languages, this people-instituted organisation has reviewed the situation of human rights in Iran under the three main headings of “Civil and political rights”, “social and economic rights”, and “cultural heritage and the environment”.
According to the website of the Centre for the Supporters of Human Rights, the text of the report by the said center for the month of Esfand 1396, which has been published on 6th of Farvardin 1397 [25 March 2018], is as follows:
A Brief Report on Human Rights Situation in Iran in February-March 2018
The year 1396 ended while Iran was, and still is, besieged by many problems.
The high rate of unemployment, wrong economic plans and cases of astronomical embezzlement have led to an ever-increasing spread of poverty in society. That is why throughout the year, almost every week we witnessed protests that predominantly had economic roots and causes
The ineffectiveness of the Judiciary and its lack of independence led to people losing hope in the possibility of any restoration of justice and, as a result, the sense of anger among them erupted, and we saw the manifestations of that anger in the the street protests during the month of Dey [December 2017].
The protest of Iranian women against the mandatory veil, which was in the community from the early days of the establishment of the Islamic Republic of Iran, and was expressed in a different way at different times, spread to the streets last year, and was labelled “the girls of the Enqelab Street”. Although these actions were conducted peacefully and in complete silence, it was confronted by arrests and false allegations such as “encouraging corruption” and these in turn and brought about more discontent.
Establishing parallel institutions that are often involved in political and factional struggles and using the Basij (mobilisation) forces for the suppression on critics, as well as the significant differences in the salaries and benefits of senior government executives with those of other employees, and most important of all, the ideological despotism of a segment of the political system, has placed the regime on a downhill slope. Obviously, the continuation of this situation will bring about some catastrophic consequences.
The report also provides a summary of the human rights situation in Iran during the month of Esfand 1396, as follows. This report is based on information published by various media channels and websites, whose accuracy has been verified. The report is appearing under three separate sections, and in Farsi and English languages.
Human Rights Situation in Iran in February-March 2018
Section 1: Civil, Cultural and Political Rights
Moreover, the Iranian Labour News Agency (ILNA) has reported the detention of eight workers of the National Steel Group and police have reported the detention of a citizen due to attending in street protests in the town of Falavarjan.
On the other hand, some news sources have reported the detention of Ammar Rahmani – a university student; Mitra Badrnejadzohdi – a Baha’i citizen; Mohammad Davari, Behnam Nurmohammadi and Hosseinali Mohammadialvar – three civil activists; Seyyed Peyman Pedrud – a follower of Yari Religion; Mohammad Samiepur, Mohammad Mobasheri, Javad Amozegar, Ali Bazrgar, Seyyed Reza Hamedi, Mohammadjafar Jesmani, Esmaeil Fakuri and Yazdan Mohammad Beigi – nine political activists – and Mohammadreza Naseriazad who was famous as Reza Pishru – a rapper. In addition, some news resources have reported the detention of some citizens from the west of Iran such cities as Maku, Marivan, Bukan, Naqadeh, Piranshahr and Ilam due to cooperating with Kurdish parties which were opposed to the government, as well as some citizens of Khuzestan Province.
It should be noted that, some of the detainees were released temporarily on bail after a few days until the date of their trial.
Moreover, the prosecutor of Tehran has reported the issuance of two years imprisonment sentence for one of the women who was against compulsory veil in Tehran and the deputy of prosecutor of Mashhad has reported the issuance of imprisonment sentences against 11 people because of protest actions against the political system as well as the destruction of public property and mosques.
On the other hand, the appeal court has confirmed the sentences of Akbar Delbari – a member of the Gonabadi Darwishes Sect – who was sentenced to nine months in jail; Maryam Delbari – a Gonabadi Darwishes Sect member – was sentenced to 18 months in jail and two years exile to Bushehr City and compulsory service in the women seminary in the mentioned city.
Siamak Mirzaei – an imprisoned citizen – was sentenced to three years imprisonment and one year of compulsory stay in Tabas after the reduction of his original sentence; Nazmin Heidari – a jailed citizen – was sentenced to 15 years in jail after the reduction of his original sentence and Sakhi Rigi – a jailed citizen – was sentenced to 10 years in prison after the reduction of his original sentence.
News media of Iran have reported the execution of two individuals in Gachsaran in public due to robbery and murder.
On the other hand, some unofficial news websites have reported some executions in the prisons of Khoy, Ilam, Hamedan and Orumieh; this news has not been confirmed or rejected by the Judiciary officials or state-controlled media.
In addition, the death sentences of four individuals in Tehran due to murder and one individual in Karaj because of murder were confirmed in the Supreme Court.
Moreover, the lashes sentences for four individuals in Tehran Province because of robbery and kidnapping were confirmed in the appeal court.
Section 2: Social and Economic Rights
Reports concerning situation regarding social and economic also point to the continued presence of unfavourable conditions in these areas for example, news reveals unsatisfactory employment and legal rights of workers in a number of units such as: “Iran Counter Making” Factory, “Iran Metallurgy Powder” Factory, Qaeimshahr Textile Factory No.1, Yasuj Municipality, Marivan Municipality, Travers Contract Company, Hepco Company, Tabriz Ball Bearings Factory, Simgu Valve Factory, Oromieh Steel Factory, Ilam Gas Refinery, Repairs of terminals and petrochemical tanks of Mahshahr and Pasargad Stone Mill, teachers from different cities, Technical and Electrical Staff of Raja Company, Ahab Company and Cooperative companies of Sahameh Edalat, Power substations operators across the country and retires of Kiyan Tire Factory.
On the other hand, many workers have not received any payments for several months. The names of the offending units, number of workers affected, and the period of time when they have not paid (at the time of writing this report) are as follows:
Some 70 workers of Loshan Municipality for four months, some workers of Nilufar Tile and Ceramic Factory for four months, 60 workers of “Pars Pamchal” for seven months, 200 workers of “Iran Poplin Raht” for three months, workers of Persian Gulf International Shipping Company for two months, some workers of Alvand Municipality for three months, workers of “Pars Milang” Factory for four months, workers of “Qazvin Steel” and “Arman Shafaq” for three months, workers of “Forqani Textile Group” for four months, some contract workers of Ahvaz Telecommunication Company for five months and some workers of Borujerd Road Constructing Project for six months.
Section 3: Cultural Heritage and Environment
At the end of the report for the month of Esfand of 1396, the Centre for the Defenders of Human Rights, declares that the only way to save the country is to hear the voices of the protesters and respond to their long-awaited demands, otherwise the spring of 1397 that has just stgarted is not going to be “joyful”.
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